• Peda-History Grade 7

    Developed the 7th grade history book according to the new curricula of the Educational Center for Research and Development. The book comprises six distinct sections, each focusing on a specific historical period or theme.

    In the first section, students will explore the factors that led to the decline and collapse of the Abbasid state, a crucial event in the history of Islam and the Middle East. The second section covers the Crusades, a series of religious wars that shaped the political, cultural, and economic landscape of medieval Europe and the Islamic world

    Moving on to the third section, learners will delve into the Ayyubid states, which emerged in the aftermath of the Crusades and became a dominant force in the Islamic world. The fourth section sheds light on the Mamluks, an influential slave dynasty that ruled over Egypt and Syria for centuries. The fifth section covers the Ottomans, a powerful empire that lasted for more than six centuries and left an indelible mark on the history of the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa.

    Finally, in the sixth and last section, students will learn about the geographic discoveries, the European Renaissance, and religious reform, which marked a turning point in human history and paved the way for the modern era.

  • Peda-History Grade 8

    In accordance with the new curricula of the Educational Center for Research and Development, the 8th grade history book has been developed to delve deeper into the rich and diverse history of Lebanon and Europe.

    The first section of the book delves into the intriguing history of the Lebanese Emirate during the relevant period, exploring the political, social, and economic factors that shaped this period in Lebanon’s history. The second section is equally captivating, taking a deep dive into the Lebanese Emirate during the era of the Shihab family, highlighting the significant developments and transformations that occurred during this time.

    Moving on, the third section explores the era of the Qaimaqams, providing an in-depth analysis of the political and social factors that led to the establishment of this unique system of governance in Lebanon. The fourth section shifts the focus to the Mutassarifia, a system of local government that emerged in Lebanon during the Ottoman era, examining its impact on the region’s history and development.

    Finally, the fifth section of the book explores the captivating history of Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, highlighting the significant events and movements that transformed the continent during this era.